管理員

From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page Administrator and the translation is 38% complete.
Other languages:
Bahasa Indonesia • ‎Bahasa Melayu • ‎British English • ‎Cymraeg • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎Nederlands • ‎Simple English • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎Türkçe • ‎asturianu • ‎azərbaycanca • ‎dansk • ‎español • ‎euskara • ‎français • ‎hrvatski • ‎italiano • ‎lietuvių • ‎magyar • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎română • ‎shqip • ‎sicilianu • ‎slovenčina • ‎suomi • ‎svenska • ‎čeština • ‎ślůnski • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎български • ‎русский • ‎татарча/tatarça • ‎тоҷикӣ • ‎українська • ‎հայերեն • ‎עברית • ‎ئۇيغۇرچە • ‎العربية • ‎سنڌي • ‎فارسی • ‎پښتو • ‎नेपाली • ‎मराठी • ‎हिन्दी • ‎বাংলা • ‎ગુજરાતી • ‎മലയാളം • ‎ไทย • ‎မြန်မာဘာသာ • ‎中文 • ‎日本語 • ‎粵語 • ‎ꯃꯤꯇꯩ ꯂꯣꯟ • ‎한국어
剷走表單
保護表單
The Block form (image when blocking user accounts).

管理員(Administrators,亦都可以叫做sysops、系統操作員system operators)或者縮寫admins)係有下面專門權限嘅用戶:

  • 剷走同還原版,睇啲剷走咗嘅修改;
  • 封鎖同取消封鎖用户、單一互聯網址同範圍;
  • 保護同取消保護版,編輯一啲受到保護嘅版
  • (如果可以用)設定版嘅穩定版本等級(範例撳呢度);
  • MediaWiki空間名入面大多數嘅版;
  • 由其他維基媒體計畫匯入啲版;
  • 執行其他相關嘅技術維護功能;
  • 加入或者剷走用户嘅一啲使用者群組,例如反轉者豁免封鎖互聯網址者或者機器使用者

Administrators can perform these actions only on a wiki on which they have been given adminship.

The role and expectations of administrators, as well as the policies surrounding their behavior, vary widely among the different projects. While administrators have more technical abilities than ordinary users, this should not be confused with authority, which is earned separately and given by the community. Some wiki sites may not even have adopted written policies for administrators or candidates for adminship. This is usually due to limited number of users and activities.

Some projects use different terms for administrators. For example, the English Wikiversity uses "custodian", while the Spanish Wikipedia uses what translates into "librarian".

All "administrative" actions are logged and reversible by any other administrator. The same principle applies to all the special permissions on MediaWiki, although some are not publicly logged: see for instance checkusers, who need to be at least a couple on each Wikimedia project to check each other. This makes their activity closely scrutinized by the community at large. In particular, it is comparable to the ius intercessionis or the Roman consuls' veto: an intrinsic system for consensual action, reciprocal control, and prevention of abuse. Its degeneration, when the system fails to actually prevent abuse and such powers have to be in fact exercised (multiple times) to reverse a previous action, is the so-called wheel war.

Administrators are subject to the global admin activity review policy, which stipulates that their rights may be removed if inactive for more than two years.

See also