Bandejaments globals

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This page is a translated version of the page Global bans and the translation is 54% complete.

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A global ban is a formal revocation of editing or other access privileges (use of "Special:EmailUser" for example) across all Wikimedia projects. A global ban's purpose is to prevent harm to Wikimedia projects when a problem cannot be addressed by the community through less restrictive means, and consequently is usually permanent. A global ban is not a form of punishment nor is it meant to provide a “cool down” period. A global ban reflects a broad and clear community consensus.

Global bans are exclusively applied where multiple independent communities have previously elected to ban a user for a pattern of abuse. Wikimedia projects are entirely self-governing. Typically, good faith is assumed when a user chooses to become a member of a new community, regardless of his/her history on other projects. Consequently, global bans are not a possibility where a user is only temporarily blocked, or only banned on a single project. Please remember, global bans are intentionally very infrequent.

Global bans should not be confused with global blocking, a technical mechanism to prevent a user from editing any Wikimedia Project, with the exception of meta.

Criteria for global bans[edit]

Els bandejaments globals només es consideren quan es compleixen tots els criteris següents:

  1. The user demonstrates an ongoing pattern of cross-wiki abuse (that is not merely vandalism or spam). No global ban is required for uncontroversial cases of cross-wiki vandalism or spam, since these may be handled with a block or lock (which may be made by a Steward, without need for extensive discussion). See Steward requests/Global.
  2. The user has been carefully informed about appropriate participation in the projects and has had fair opportunity to rectify any problems. These projects must have demonstrated a good faith attempt to explain acceptable practices and behaviors that are consistent with their mission and scope. This criterion is to show users reasonably know what is expected, have had ample opportunity to appropriately address concerns, and chose not to participate appropriately in projects.
  3. The user is indefinitely blocked or banned on two or more projects. These projects must have demonstrated broad support for the blocks or bans through a prominent community discussion process—clear explanations and considerations for local rules and practices must be evident, decisions must be independent of a block or ban on another project, and the blocks or bans must be clearly intended to be indefinite.

El simple compliment dels criteris mínims de més amunt no significa que un bandejament global sigui necessari. En el passat, els motius per demanar un bandejament global han estat:

  • Harassing or threatening contributors to the projects, on- or off-wiki
  • Serious on-wiki fraud or identity theft (that is not simple abuse of multiple accounts)
  • Inappropriate use of user rights with access to private information, such as CheckUser or Oversight
  • Violations of the privacy policy or other official Wikimedia policies.

Relació amb la política local[edit]

Aquesta política està destinada a complementar les polítiques i procediments existents per a tots els projectes, no actua com a substitució. Tota la governança del procés de resolució de conflictes continua sent responsabilitat de cada comunitat, i aquest procés no és un lloc per a propostes amb la intenció de bandejar o blocar a un usuari en un únic projecte.

Relació amb les Condicions d’ús[edit]

The Wikimedia Terms of Use, which apply equally to all users of the projects, specifically refer to this policy and supports banning users violating either the terms themselves or any mandatory community policies and guidelines. As the service provider of Wikimedia websites, the Foundation has and continues to support community consensus relating to blocking and banning decisions.

Obtenció de consens per a un bandejament global[edit]

A simplified workflow.

El consens per a un bandejament global es duu a terme a través del procés de peticions de comentaris a Meta. Una petició de bandejament global només s'ha d'acceptar quan un usuari presenta un perill clar i actual per a totes les comunitats de Wikimedia; una decisió està recolzada per un consens ampli i molt clar que representi la gran majoria dels projectes de Wikimedia, i quan una acurada consideració dels assumptes i possibles conseqüències són evidents en la decisió. Per tal d'iniciar un debat sobre si el dany a totes les comunitats és evident i mereix un bandejament global, si us plau, feu el següent:

  1. Confirm that the user satisfies all criteria for global bans prior to opening a request for comment.
  2. File a new request for comment on Meta. The title should have the username of the user nominated for a global ban. The nominator must impartially document the significant incidences that satisfy all criteria for global bans. The nominator must also attempt to show that the user's decision not to participate appropriately presents a current danger to all Wikimedia communities.
  3. Inform the user about the discussion on all wikis where they are active. If the user nominated for a global ban is blocked on Meta, a temporary unblock may be considered to allow participation in the discussion.
  4. Inform the community on all wikis where the user has edited about the discussion through a prominent public venue. Be sure to stay neutral in your communications and avoid any defamatory, inaccurate, or exaggerated commentary.

Una nominació que no segueixi correctament els passos anteriors no és vàlida.

Quan una petició de comentaris vàlida ha desenvolupat un consens ampli i clar, un administrador o steward no involucrat i imparcial pot tancar la discussió. No hi ha límit de temps establert en peticions de comentaris. És probable que les peticions es tanquin sense més discussions si no són serioses. És probable que les peticions es tanquin després d'una discussió extensa quan no és probable que s'arribi a cap consens.

Multilingüisme en la discussió[edit]

Tingueu en compte que la discussió pot i s'ha de fer en la llengua o les llengües pertinents de tots els projectes on l'usuari ha estat actiu. Els projectes de Wikimedia existeixen en centenars d'idiomes, i així una gran varietat de comunitats haurien de tenir la possibilitat de participar en les discussions globals, independentment de la seva fluïdesa en qualsevol segona llengua. En casos on no hi hagui cap traductor humà disponible, la traducció automàtica pot funcionar com a substitut per a la comunicació entre comunitats.

Implementació d’un bandejament global[edit]

A global ban formally revokes some or all privileges at all Wikimedia projects, regardless of whether accounts are attached through the unified login system. Any attempt to circumvent an active global ban constitutes a violation of the Terms of Use, regardless of accounts used. Accordingly, local communities where the user is blocked or active should be informed in a prominent public venue about the decision. Stewards may also choose to respond to requests to globally lock proven alternate accounts of a globally banned user.

If the consensus requires Steward action, a request should be made to the Stewards. Please provide a link to the relevant discussion in your request; otherwise it will be rejected for lack of consensus.

Anul·lació d’una decisió de bandejament global[edit]

Discussion to overturn a global ban decision is conducted through the request for comment process on Meta, in order to include the widest possible audience. A request must follow the same consensus process for requesting a ban, described above.

Vegeu també[edit]