সার্বজনীন আচরণবিধি

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This page is a translated version of the page Universal Code of Conduct and the translation is 50% complete.
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উইকিমিডিয়া আন্দোলনের প্রয়োজন নৈতিক নির্দেশিকাসমূহর একত্রিত রূপ

সম্মিলিতভাবে আমরা এমন এক বিশ্বের কথা ভেবেছি যেখানে সমস্ত জ্ঞানে সব মানুষের থাকবে অবাধ প্রবেশাধিকার। বিভিন্ন সময় আমাদের সম্প্রদায় এবং প্রকল্পের অবদানকারীরা নির্দেশিকার অভাব থাকার ফলে ভুক্তভোগী হয়েছে। এই নির্দেশিকা আমাদের সবাইকে শুধু একত্রীতই রাখবে না, একইসাথে এমন এক পরিবেশ তৈরিতে সাহায্য করবে যেখানে উন্মুক্ত জ্ঞান নির্ভয়ে নিরাপদে ভাগাভাগি করে নেওয়া যায়। এই লক্ষ্যে সামনে এগিয়ে যাওয়ার জন্য আমাদের নিশ্চিত করতে হবে যেন সবাই আমাদের প্ল্যাটফর্মে জ্ঞান ভাগ করে নিতে এসে স্বচ্ছন্দ এবং স্বাগত বোধ করে।

আমরা গুরুত্বপূর্ণ জ্ঞান থেকে বঞ্চিত হয়েছি কারণ অনেকে আমাদের পরিবেশে স্বচ্ছন্দ এবং নিরাপদ বোধ করেনি।[1][2] There has been talk about the need for a global set of conduct rules in different communities over time. These guidelines can help build a constructive and inclusive environment that encourages sharing free knowledge. This page describes the background, potential benefits, and timeline for a proposed universal code of conduct.

The universal code of conduct will apply to all of us - staff and volunteers alike, all around the globe. It will function as a tool to harmonize the many existing behavioural policies and guidelines in the Wikimedia movement.

Communities work in highly varied contexts and we value this diversity. No code of conduct will be able to cover every situation and issue. Building on the approach taken for the BLP policy it aims to provide a basic level of norms that everyone working on the projects will be asked to follow and build upon. This will help all of us to safeguard Wikimedians from abuse, harassment or similar experiences on Wikimedia platforms.

Wikidata, Commons, Wikipedias, Wiktionaries, Wikisources and other projects already represent a vast and valuable collation of knowledge. They also host many different approaches and systems to guide communities of online volunteers on behavioral issues. Many amazing people have put in countless hours, not only to create the content but also to help communities thrive in this context. They have already created a rich collection of knowledge on norms and policies for online work. Yet, more than half of Wikipedias, for example, currently do not have behavioral policies guiding their self-governance.

As per the Community Insights report (2018), 40% of over 250 people surveyed reported that the existing conduct policies on various Wiki projects needed "Quite a bit" or "A lot" of improvement in order to be effective, while 48% reported the amount of improvement required to be "A little" or "None". Also, about 22% of Wikimedians reported avoiding Wikimedia projects for one to three days because they felt unsafe while contributing to the projects.




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Wikipedia conduct policies distribution according to T&S assessment, by active editor count. (The accuracy of these assessments has been disputed.)      উইকিপিডিয়া যেখানে কিছুটা আচরণবিধি আছে কিংবা একেবারেই নেই (9.88%)     (ইংরেজি উইকিপিডিয়া) (44.02%)     নীতিমালার নাম এবং বিষয়বস্তু en.wiki এর ন্যায় (3.98%)     আসল এবং অনুবাদকৃত নীতিমালার সমন্বয় (15.85%)     অন্তত একটি অনন্য নীতি (আর কোথাও নেই) (23.44%)     অনির্ধারিত (2.83%)

আন্দোলন থেকে আচরণগত নীতিমালার প্রতিফলন এবং শিখন

For more information on research methodology used - a. Wikipedia projects, b. Other Wiki projects.

Over the years, many of the larger Wiki communities have developed nuanced sets of behavioral/conduct policies that promote and encourage a friendly environment within the projects. The universal code of conduct learns from those existing policies. Larger communities can use this universal code of conduct to review and polish their existing policies by seeing the bigger picture around the movement. New communities and communities that have only started to develop their own policies can look at the code of conduct for guidance and take it as a baseline until they have developed their own set of rules to build upon it.

The Trust & Safety Team has gathered behavioural policies and guidelines from all Wikimedia projects, all the languages, and all the communities, and aims to combine them into one large framework of globally accepted behavioural policies across Wikimedia movement. Any suggestions for the universal code of conduct are rooted in this work. Looking at the final version of the code of conduct, hopefully,  will see something new which they can further develop and adapt.  

The universal code of conduct aims to serve as the reference point for all behavioural guidelines in practice across the movement.

Wikipedia conduct policies distribution. Caption clockwise from right: 53.1% (Wikipedias with no or little conduct policies); 16.3% (Very similar policy names and content to en.wiki); 1.63% (A combination of original and translated policies); 14.3% (At least one unique policy).

সম্প্রদায়ের অংশগ্রহণ

The T&S team presented the idea of a universal code of conduct at the Wikimania 2019 in Stockholm and the CEE meeting in Belgrade. Community members engaged actively in discussions and came up with strong ideas for making the project more comprehensive. Community members shared their thoughts on elements they would like to see in the universal code of conduct and elements that should be kept away. The T&S team collected feedback from both the conferences in written format. The team and the community also brainstormed on possible ways of collaboration and doing collective work on the project.

This will be followed by a public consultation soon. These active interactions will facilitate the influx of wide-ranging ideas and novel perspectives which will help us in making the universal of conduct more robust and inclusive.

একটি চলমান প্রক্রিয়া

The timeline of the universal code of conduct is currently under development. More information will be shared as the development materializes.

Over the coming years, our communities will grow and evolve. We are not only a knowledge institution but also a learning institution, therefore, we will continue to find ways to integrate new concepts and improvements into the code of conduct. The movement will want to review the Universal code of conduct at regular intervals in order to keep it relevant and efficient.

A similar question goes for the enforcement of the guidelines once they are drafted. The Wikimedia movement is run by the communities, therefore they remain the prime authority to roll out the guidelines. As per the current plan, the responsibility of enforcement will be handled by the communities and administrators of various wiki projects. However, thoughts and suggestions on alternative means of enforcement are welcome.

We want to grow and thrive together - we hope with your input we will create a code of conduct that will help our movement advance.

সম্প্রদায়কে দৃঢ়ভাবে উৎসাহিত করা হচ্ছে যেন তারা আচরণগত নীতিমালা বিষয়ক তাদের অভিজ্ঞতা, ধারণা এবং শিখনফল আমাদের সাথে নিয়মিত ইমেইল বা উইকিমিডিয়া স্পেসের মাধ্যমে ভাগাভাগি করে নেয়।

Proposals

Draft proposal from User:Pine

Introduction

Specific behavioral rules and norms are generally to be decided by each local community. However, there are a few issues which may be best addressed by a Universal Code of Conduct Committee. These circumstances are discussed below, and the resolution of them is delegated to the Universal Code of Conduct Committee.

Universal behavioral policies

Each wiki community normally is to set its own behavioral policies and methods for enforcing them at the local level.

When a community cannot agree on these policies and how to enforce them, the community may request outside support in the form of mediation for guidance. The Universal Code of Conduct Committee may get involved if a dispute, typically a large scale dispute, appears to fall into categories described below and has not been resolved by outside mediation.

A few policies apply universally, including the Terms of Use, the Privacy Policy, and the CheckUser Policy.

Authorities of the Universal Code of Conduct Committee

1. Where the governance of a Wikimedia project or another WMF conduct review organization has allegedly been compromised so extensively that removal of all of its administrators, functionaries, and/or other authorities should be considered for the purpose of providing a relatively "clean start" for reforming the affected domain's governance, or a domain is allegedly becoming so anarchic that peacekeeping from outsiders is necessary to restore order.

By default, the Universal Code of Conduct Committee should assume good faith regarding local consensus and/or the actions of a local arbitration committee, if they exist, and a global code of conduct committee should by default assume that any local consensus decisions and the decisions of a local arbitration committee are legitimate. These default positions may be changed if there is significant evidence suggesting that there should be a review of the situation by outsiders.

2. Where a steward, global sysop, Meta administrator, member of a committee such as the Affiliations Committee or Elections Committee, or other person in a similarly "meta" online position has allegedly misused their position, and other options have been exhausted or would involve publicly revealing evidence for which there is a very strong reason for privacy.

3. Where the Ombudsman Commission has found fault with actions that are under its authority to review and recommends that individuals be sanctioned.

4. In the circumstances where, presently, WMF asserts a global ban. Although WMF would continue to be involved in investigations and in enforcing global ban decisions, the decision to impose a global ban would be exclusively held by the UCCC.

5. In circumstances where there is an allegation that the Terms of Use have been violated, such as by an organization systematically performing undisclosed paid editing on Wikimedia sites.

Exclusions from the authority of the Universal Code of Conduct Committee

The universal code of conduct and the UCC Committee would not have responsibility for and should not be involved in:

1. Disputes which focus on one or a relatively small number of individuals, with the exception of allegations mentioned in the section above. A global code of conduct committee could easily be overwhelmed by the number of cases, and local administrators and functionaries who have good knowledge of a project's policies, guidelines, and language(s) are usually best placed to address these disputes.

2. Content disputes.

3. Functioning as a thin layer of cover for WMF-driven actions or acting as an extension of WMF.

4. Because diverse opinions and expressions must be permitted, even when comments may offend others, the Universal Code of Conduct Committee must not silence debates or unwelcome comments for the purpose of making people feel safe or preventing them from feeling offended. The Internet is not a safe place, and no amount of heavy policing will effectively guarantee safety on a large scale. Also, heavy policing can have the effects of stifling uncomfortable debates and providing cover for incompetence and corruption. In some cases, problems with content may be resolved as a secondary effect of resolving problems with conduct.

Election of members

There will be 7 members of the Universal Code of Conduct Committee, and each will serve one year or two year terms. In the first election the four candidates with the most support will serve two year terms, and the remaining elected candidates will serve one year terms. All candidates must receive at least 55% support to be elected, and if an insufficient number of candidates receive 55% support to fill all seats then the remaining seats will be vacant until the next election. Elections will be public and conducted in the same manner as Steward elections. Minimum qualifications for the office of Steward are also required for candidates for the UCCC. However, unlike with stewards, existing members of the UCCC who are willing to serve additional terms must run for reelection, and there is no reconfirmation process.

উৎস

  1. "Harassment_Survey_2015" (PDF). Commons.wikimedia.org. WMF. 
  2. "Community_Insights/2018_Report". meta.wikimedia.org. WMF.