Арбитражный комитет

From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki
This page is a translated version of the page Arbitration Committee and the translation is 37% complete.

On Wikimedia Foundation projects, an Arbitration Committee (sometimes abbreviated as "ArbCom") is a small group of trusted users who serve as a means of dispute resolution that have been initiated on some individual Wikimedia Foundation projects. Rulings, policies and procedures differ between projects depending on local and cultural contexts. According to the Wikimedia Terms of Use, users are not obliged to have a dispute solved by an ArbCom.


The first Wikimedia project to use an arbitration committee was the Swedish Wikipedia.

[2] The English Wikipedia ArbCom was created by Jimmy Wales as an extension of the decision-making power he formerly held as CEO of site-owner Bomis Inc., to take over his role in resolving complex disputes between users.[3]

Arbitration Committees are now used on 12 Wikipedia versions.


В состав комитетов обычно входят от пяти до пятнадцати членов, которые называются арбитрами. Сроки полномочий варьируются по продолжительности, в некоторых проектах они могут достигать трёх лет.

Проекты, имеющие Арбитражный комитет

Проекты Викимедиа

Проект Родное имя Established Электронная почта Частная вики Примечания
cs – чешский Arbitrážní výbor 2006 arbcom-cs@lists.wikimedia.org arbcom-cs.wikipedia.org
de – немецкий Schiedsgericht 2007 arbcomde-l@lists.wikimedia.org arbcom-de.wikipedia.org
en – английский Arbitration Committee 2004 arbcom-en@wikimedia.org arbcom-en.wikipedia.org
fa – персидский هیئت نظارت 2010 Ограниченная сфера компетенции, комитет в основном рассматривает жалобы на администраторов.
fi – финский Välityslautakunta 2007 arbcom-fi.wikipedia.org
fr – французский Comité d'arbitrage 2013 car-fr-l@lists.wikimedia.org No arbitrators elected in last elections. Inactive until next elections.
hu – венгерский Wikitanács 2009
it – итальянский Commissione arbitrale 2024 wikipedia-it-arbcom@lists.wikimedia.org wikipedia-it-arbcom.wikipedia.org Only deals with appeals to block following a community procedure for problematic users and complaints regarding the UCoC enforcement
nl – нидерландский Arbitragecommissie 2007 arbcom-nl@lists.wikimedia.org arbcom-nl.wikipedia.org
pl – польский Komitet Arbitrażowy 2007
ru – русский Арбитражный комитет 2005 arbcom-ru@wikimedia.org arbcom-ru.wikipedia.org New every half-a-year
uk – украинский Арбітражний комітет 2009

Проекты с неактивным, либо распущенным Арбитражным комитетом

Языковые версии Википедии
  • Arabic (inactive)
  • Bulgarian (there is a page on arbitration policy; an ArbCom hasn't been established yet)
  • Croatian (inactive)
    • (First version) An ArbCom that was proposed (and discussed) in May 2007, never reached consensus
    • (Second version) Existed from 7 June 2009 to 23 January 2010
  • Spanish (dissolved April 2009)
  • Korean (No arbitrators elected since December 2015, arbcom function suspended as of 18 March 2017.)
  • Occitan (A setting up was proposed in 2006, an election has been planned in December 2008 but was never realized)
  • Portuguese (dissolved January 2012)
  • Swedish (inactive)
  • Slovenian (deleted, with a redirect to Wikipedija:Mediacija). The page exists only as a framework for eventual setting up. The mediation wasn't needed so far, so the rules for the election process haven't been established yet.
  • Thai (term expired in January 2016, no elections held since)
Языковые версии Викигида
Wikinews versions

См. также


  1. "Wikimedia Terms of Use - # 13 Disputes and Jurisdictions". Archived from the original on March 18, 2021. Retrieved November 14, 2022. 
  2. Hoffman, David A.; Salil Mehra (2010). "Wikitruth Through Wikiorder". Emory Law Journal 59 (2010). SSRN 1354424. 
  3. Wales, Jimmy (December 4, 2003). "[WikiEN-l] Wikiquette committee appointments". lists.wikimedia.org. Wikimedia Foundation. Archived from the original on June 29, 2021. Retrieved November 14, 2022.